Temples of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints

Interesting Facts

Following is a compilation of interesting facts about the temples of the restored Church of Jesus Christ, which may be suitable for use as temple trivia questions.

Temple Firsts

  1. Through the dedication of the Salt Lake Temple, all temples had been built in the same state (or territory) as Church Headquarters: Ohio, Illinois, and Utah. The Laie Hawaii Temple was the first temple "brought to the people."
  2. The Cardston Alberta Temple was the first temple constructed outside of the United States (its states and territories).
  3. The Bern Switzerland Temple was the first temple constructed in Europe.
  4. The Hamilton New Zealand Temple was the first temple constructed in the Southern Hemisphere.
  5. The São Paulo Brazil Temple was the first temple constructed in South America.
  6. The Tokyo Japan Temple was the first temple constructed in Asia.
  7. The Johannesburg South Africa Temple was the first temple constructed in Africa.
  8. The first temple to be built in a nation under Communist rule was the Freiberg Germany Temple.
  9. The Ogden Utah Temple was the first temple dedicated in the state of Utah. (Utah gained statehood on January 4, 1896. Four temples—including the Salt Lake Temple—had already been dedicated in Utah Territory.)
  10. The Mesa Arizona Temple was the first temple to present ordinances in a language other than English. The ordinances were administered in Spanish in 1945.
  11. The Bern Switzerland Temple was the first temple to not have English as its predominant language.
  12. Endowments for the dead were performed for the first time in the St. George Utah Temple.
  13. The first temple constructed with the idea of using a film rather than live acting to present the endowment was the Bern Switzerland Temple.
  14. The first completed "smaller-and-remote-area" temple of the Church as conceived by President Gordon B. Hinckley was the Monticello Utah Temple.
  15. The Vernal Utah Temple was the first temple to be converted from an existing building.
  16. The Cardston Alberta Temple was the first for which the First Presidency invited architects to submit their original designs. (All previous designs had been guided by revelation.)
  17. Elder Boyd K. Packer dedicated the Regina Saskatchewan Temple—the first 20th century temple to be dedicated by an apostle who was not a member of the First Presidency.
  18. The St. Paul Minnesota Temple was the first temple dedicated in the year 2000.
  19. On November 14, 1999, the Halifax Nova Scotia Temple and Regina Saskatchewan Temple became the first two temples dedicated on the same day.
  20. The Logan Utah Temple was the first temple built with a progressive room scheme for presentation of the endowment.
  21. The Jordan River Utah Temple was the first temple whose construction and maintenance costs for many years were funded entirely by monetary donation from local members. The temple site was also a gift to the Church.
  22. The first city in the world to have two LDS temples was South Jordan, Utah, where the Jordan River Utah Temple and the Oquirrh Mountain Utah Temple are located.
  23. The first state outside of Utah to have more than one dedicated temple was California.

Angel Moroni Statues

  1. Fifteen (15) temples do not have an angel Moroni. They are the St. George Utah Temple, Logan Utah Temple, Manti Utah Temple, Laie Hawaii Temple, Cardston Alberta Temple, Mesa Arizona Temple, Hamilton New Zealand Temple, Oakland California Temple, Paris France Temple, Kinshasa Democratic Republic of the Congo Temple, Port-au-Prince Haiti Temple, San Juan Puerto Rico Temple, Yigo Guam Temple, Praia Cape Verde Temple, and Lima Peru Los Olivos Temple.
  2. Several temples have received angels after their dedications. The first was the Idaho Falls Idaho Temple, which had an angel Moroni statue added in 1983, almost 40 years after its dedication, at the request of the president and other officials of the temple. As a part of renovation projects in the 2000s, the Church added angel Moroni statues to several of the originally statueless temples including the Freiberg Germany Temple (2001), Ogden Utah Temple (2002), Provo Utah Temple (2003), São Paulo Brazil Temple (2003), Tokyo Japan Temple (2004), Bern Switzerland Temple (2005), and London England Temple (2008).
  3. Both the Sydney Australia Temple and Boston Massachusetts Temple were dedicated without angel Moroni statues due to pending litigation. In both cases, rulings allowed for the angels to be installed about a year after their respective dedications.
  4. The Church added a spire and angel Moroni statue to the Manhattan New York Temple four months after its dedication. These features were not part of the original design because the temple was built within an existing Church-owned building that was not designed as a temple.
  5. The Monticello Utah Temple is the only temple to have had a white angel Moroni. White enamel-covered fiberglass statues were to decorate the "smaller and remote-area" temples as conceived by President Gordon B. Hinckley, but the Monticello statue proved too difficult to see, especially in cloudy weather. It was replaced about a year later by a larger, traditional gold-leafed statue, which has remained the standard.
  6. The Anchorage Alaska Temple, Bismarck North Dakota Temple, Columbus Ohio Temple, Kona Hawaii Temple, and Caracas Venezuela Temple feature angel Moroni statues holding a scroll—a design originally created for use on the "smaller and remote-area" temples as conceived by President Gordon B. Hinckley.
  7. Only five temples feature an angel Moroni statue holding the gold plates. They are the Los Angeles California Temple, Washington D.C. Temple, Seattle Washington Temple, Jordan River Utah Temple, and Mexico City Mexico Temple.
  8. The Atlanta Georgia Temple was originally designed with no spire or angel Moroni, but the Church revised its plans, and nearly every temple built since has featured an angel Moroni statue.
  9. In the early 1930s, a replica of the Salt Lake Temple angel Moroni was fashioned by Torleif Knaphus for the Washington D.C. Chapel. The statue was removed in 1976 when the chapel was sold (currently owned by the Unification Church) and is now on display in the Museum of Church History and Art. It is owned by the LDS Motion Picture Studio and was used in the filming of Mountain of the Lord. Castings of this statue have since been made and installed atop the Atlanta Georgia Temple (since replaced), Idaho Falls Idaho Temple, and Boston Massachusetts Temple.
  10. The Nauvoo Illinois Temple, The Hague Netherlands Temple, and Boston Massachusetts Temple participated in a tri-temple setting of the angel Moroni on the 178th anniversary of the day that Moroni first appeared to the Prophet Joseph Smith.
  11. The Nauvoo Temple was the first to have an angel (though not identified as Moroni), and it is the only temple to have a horizontal or flying angel (which functioned as a weathervane). The angel was inspired by Revelations 14:6, which says, "And I saw another angel fly in the midst of heaven, having the everlasting gospel to preach unto them that dwell on the earth, and to every nation, and kindred, and tongue, and people."
  12. The first temple to have a standing angel Moroni was the Salt Lake Temple.
  13. Not all temples have an east-facing angel Moroni statue. In fact, the angels on some temples face nearly due west because of lot orientation or the placement of spires including the Baton Rouge Louisiana Temple, Fortaleza Brazil Temple, Manhattan New York Temple, Manila Philippines Temple, Nauvoo Illinois Temple, Raleigh North Carolina Temple, Seattle Washington Temple, Snowflake Arizona Temple, Spokane Washington Temple, Star Valley Wyoming Temple, and Taipei Taiwan Temple.
  14. The trumpets of the angel Moroni statues on the Santiago Chile Temple, Tokyo Japan Temple, and Apia Samoa Temple have been lofted out of Moroni's grasp during earthquakes.
  15. Due to its height and conductivity, it is not unheard of for an angel Moroni statue to be struck by lightning during a thunderstorm just like a lightning rod.

Design and Construction

  1. The St. George Utah Temple originally followed the design of the Nauvoo Temple and Kirtland Temple, featuring an assembly hall and an instruction hall partitioned for presenting the endowment.
  2. The Ogden Utah Temple, Provo Utah Temple, Jordan River Utah Temple, and Washington D.C. Temple were built with six endowment rooms to accommodate high capacity use by the Saints.
  3. Four temples feature no tower or spire: the Laie Hawaii Temple, Cardston Alberta Temple, Mesa Arizona Temple, and Paris France Temple.
  4. The Oakland California Temple, Cochabamba Bolivia Temple, and Provo City Center Temple are the only Latter-day Saint temples to be built with a central tower surrounded by four corner towers.
  5. A large priesthood assembly room was standard in all temples until the Salt Lake Temple was dedicated. Since then, very few temples have included such a room, representing a design transition that focused more on ordinance work and less on general assembly.
  6. Shortly after Brigham Young's death, the original "squatty" tower of the St. George Utah Temple, which he disliked, was struck by lightning and burned to its base. The tower was rebuilt taller and with a more elegant shape.
  7. The Salt Lake Temple took 40 years to build. It was dedicated 46 years after its announcement—the same length of time taken to erect the ancient Jerusalem Temple (John 2:20).
  8. The Nauvoo Temple and Apia Samoa Temple are the only two modern-day temples to have been destroyed. Replacement buildings were constructed.
  9. The Vernal Utah Temple, Copenhagen Denmark Temple, Manhattan New York Temple, and Provo City Center Temple are all adaptations of existing Church-owned buildings.
  10. Every window in the San Antonio Texas Temple is filled with art glass created by Utah artist Tom Holdman.
  11. The construction of the Hong Kong China Temple pioneered a concept of housing a temple in the same building as other church facilities. Since then, the concept has been repeated for the Fukuoka Japan Temple and the Manhattan New York Temple.
  12. The Manhattan New York Temple is virtually a building within a building, which is completely soundproofed from the hustle and bustle of the city.

Dimensions

  1. The Washington D.C. Temple's 288-foot spire makes it the tallest of all Latter-day Saint temples.
  2. Plans for the Los Angeles California Temple were postponed for World War II and later revised to make it the largest temple built since the Salt Lake Temple. (The Salt Lake Temple has since been enlarged, making it the largest temple in the world.)
  3. The Mexico City Mexico Temple is the largest outside of the United States.
  4. With just one ordinance room and one sealing room, the Colonia Juárez Chihuahua Mexico Temple is the smallest in the world.
  5. The St. George Utah Temple has more sealing rooms than any other temple—18.

Dedications

  1. The year 2000 saw 34 dedications, the most temple dedications in one year in history.
  2. Since the dedication of the St. George Utah Temple, the 1900s and 1930s are the only two decades void of temple dedications.
  3. Dedications of the first 50 temples spanned 120 years. The next 50 dedications spanned 3 years.
  4. The Monterrey Mexico Temple was the second announced to be built in Mexico but was the twelfth to be dedicated in that country due to long delays in neighborhood negotiations, which resulted in relocation of the temple site within the city.
  5. President Joseph F. Smith died just one year before the dedication of the Laie Hawaii Temple where he had labored as a very young missionary.
  6. The Nauvoo Illinois Temple was dedicated on the 158th anniversary of the martyrdom of Joseph and Hyrum Smith.
  7. The St. George Utah Temple, Salt Lake Temple, and Palmyra New York Temple are the three temples dedicated on April 6.
  8. President Gordon B. Hinckley dedicated 4 temples in just one week, June 11–18, 2000: Fukuoka Japan Temple, Adelaide Australia Temple, Melbourne Australia Temple, and Suva Fiji Temple.
  9. The announced date of dedication had to be withdrawn for the Montevideo Uruguay Temple due to a strike in the country that greatly delayed completion of the building.
  10. Joseph Fielding Smith wrote the dedicatory prayer for the Provo Utah Temple, but it was read by Harold B. Lee.
  11. The dedicatory services of the Mesa Arizona Temple were broadcast over the radio.
  12. Because of their historical significance, the dedicatory services of the Palmyra New York Temple, Winter Quarters Nebraska Temple, and Nauvoo Illinois Temple were broadcast internationally via encrypted satellite. This system has been used for numerous dedications since.
  13. President Gordon B. Hinckley is the most prolific temple dedicator in history, presiding over the dedication of 85 temples and the rededication of 13 temples, 5 of which he had not originally dedicated for a total of 90 temples.

Locations

  1. All Spanish-speaking nations in South America have at least one temple.
  2. The Redlands California Temple stands on a parcel of the original Mormon landholdings purchased in October 1851 by Elders Amasa Lyman and Charles C. Rich.
  3. An old Elizabethan manor, which was converted for a time for use as a missionary training center for the European saints, sits on the site of the London England Temple.
  4. No country outside the United States had more than one temple until 1990 when Canada's second temple was dedicated in Toronto, and East and West Germany reunited, placing its two temples in Freiberg (1985) and Frankfurt (1987) under one nation.
  5. Located off Highway 99, the Fresno California Temple—announced in 1999—was the 99th announced temple.
  6. The morning of the site dedication of the Manti Utah Temple, Brigham Young took Warren S. Snow aside and said, "Here is the spot where the Prophet Moroni stood and dedicated this piece of land for a temple site, and that is the reason why the location is made here, and we can't move it from this spot."1
  7. The land where the Portland Oregon Temple stands was originally purchased to build a Church junior college.
  8. The Mount Timpanogos Utah Temple is built on the site of a former Church welfare farm.
  9. The Palmyra New York Temple is located on the east end of the original 100-acre Smith Family Farm, which borders the Sacred Grove—a theme carried throughout the temple.
  10. The location of the Madrid Spain Temple was announced at the groundbreaking of the Mount Timpanogos Utah Temple.
  11. Temples are adjacent to all Church-owned institutions of higher education including LDS Business College (Salt Lake Temple), Brigham Young University (Provo Utah Temple), Brigham Young University–Idaho (Rexburg Idaho Temple), and Brigham Young University–Hawaii (Laie Hawaii Temple).
  12. Real estate is limited and expensive in Asia, leading to an interesting pattern followed by the church of razing mission homes (or mission offices) to make way for temples including the Tokyo Japan Temple, Taipei Taiwan Temple, Seoul Korea Temple, Hong Kong China Temple, and Fukuoka Japan Temple. In the case of the latter two temples, mission president quarters were included in those buildings.
  13. The Church purchased an operating nine-hole golf course (which had announced its intentions to close) as the site for the Twin Falls Idaho Temple. Because the purchase included much more land than needed, the balance of the property was developed into residential lots with LDS-inspired street names.
  14. Seven temples do not bear the name of the major city where they are located including the Jordan River Utah Temple (South Jordan), Mount Timpanogos Utah Temple (American Fork), Winter Quarters Nebraska Temple (Omaha), Columbia River Washington Temple (Richland/Kennewick/Pasco), Oquirrh Mountain Utah Temple (South Jordan), The Gila Valley Arizona Temple (Safford) and the Star Valley Wyoming Temple (Afton).
  15. The cities of Provo, Utah; Lima, Peru; and Manila, Philippines are the only three cities in the world to each have two temples and a missionary training center within their metropolitan areas.

  1. Orson F. Whitney, Life of Heber C. Kimball (Salt Lake City: Kimball Family, 1888) 447.
Adelaide Australia Temple
89th operating temple
Anchorage Alaska Temple
54th operating temple
Apia Samoa Temple
22nd operating temple
Atlanta Georgia Temple
21st operating temple
Baton Rouge Louisiana Temple
94th operating temple; closed for renovation; stained-glass window installation underway; landscaping progressing
Bern Switzerland Temple
9th operating temple
Bismarck North Dakota Temple
61st operating temple
Boston Massachusetts Temple
100th operating temple
Caracas Venezuela Temple
96th operating temple
Cardston Alberta Temple
6th operating temple
Cochabamba Bolivia Temple
82nd operating temple
Colonia Juárez Chihuahua Mexico Temple
55th operating temple
Columbia River Washington Temple
107th operating temple
Columbus Ohio Temple
60th operating temple
Copenhagen Denmark Temple
118th operating temple
Fortaleza Brazil Temple
Preparing for dedication
Freiberg Germany Temple
33rd operating temple
Fresno California Temple
78th operating temple
Fukuoka Japan Temple
88th operating temple
The Gila Valley Arizona Temple
132nd operating temple
Halifax Nova Scotia Temple
64th operating temple
Hamilton New Zealand Temple
11th operating temple; closed for renovation; exterior refurbishment underway
Hong Kong China Temple
48th operating temple
Idaho Falls Idaho Temple
8th operating temple
Johannesburg South Africa Temple
36th operating temple
Jordan River Utah Temple
20th operating temple
Kinshasa Democratic Republic of the Congo Temple
163rd operating temple
Kirtland Temple
Owned and operated by the Community of Christ
Kona Hawaii Temple
70th operating temple
Laie Hawaii Temple
5th operating temple
Lima Peru Los Olivos Temple
Demolition of institute building and meetinghouse nearing completion
Logan Utah Temple
2nd operating temple; renovation plans underway
London England Temple
12th operating temple
Los Angeles California Temple
10th operating temple
Madrid Spain Temple
56th operating temple
Manhattan New York Temple
119th operating temple
Manila Philippines Temple
29th operating temple
Manti Utah Temple
3rd operating temple; renovation plans underway
Melbourne Australia Temple
90th operating temple
Mesa Arizona Temple
7th operating temple; closed for renovation; pouring retaining wall around temple; planting trees near east entrance; installing foundation for north reflecting pool
Mexico City Mexico Temple
26th operating temple
Monterrey Mexico Temple
110th operating temple
Montevideo Uruguay Temple
103rd operating temple
Monticello Utah Temple
53rd operating temple
Mount Timpanogos Utah Temple
49th operating temple
Nauvoo Temple
Destroyed by arson fire in 1848; rebuilt in 2002
Nauvoo Illinois Temple
113th operating temple
Oakland California Temple
13th operating temple; closed for renovation; public tours underway
Ogden Utah Temple
14th operating temple
Oquirrh Mountain Utah Temple
130th operating temple
Palmyra New York Temple
77th operating temple
Paris France Temple
156th operating temple
Port-au-Prince Haiti Temple
Planting trees, shrubs, and flowers; pouring curbing, walkways, and driveways; interior finish work underway
Portland Oregon Temple
42nd operating temple
Provo Utah Temple
15th operating temple
Provo City Center Temple
150th operating temple
Raleigh North Carolina Temple
68th operating temple; closed for renovation; installing entrance doors; planting trees; pouring curbing
Redlands California Temple
116th operating temple
Regina Saskatchewan Temple
65th operating temple
Rexburg Idaho Temple
125th operating temple
Salt Lake Temple
4th operating temple
San Antonio Texas Temple
120th operating temple
San Juan Puerto Rico Temple
Groundbreaking ceremony held May 4, 2019; full-scale construction pending
Santiago Chile Temple
24th operating temple
São Paulo Brazil Temple
17th operating temple
Seattle Washington Temple
19th operating temple
Seoul Korea Temple
37th operating temple
Snowflake Arizona Temple
108th operating temple
Spokane Washington Temple
59th operating temple
St. George Utah Temple
1st operating temple
St. Paul Minnesota Temple
69th operating temple
Star Valley Wyoming Temple
154th operating temple
Suva Fiji Temple
91st operating temple
Sydney Australia Temple
28th operating temple
Taipei Taiwan Temple
31st operating temple
The Hague Netherlands Temple
114th operating temple
Tokyo Japan Temple
18th operating temple; closed for renovation; angel Moroni installed atop spire on April 17, 2019
Twin Falls Idaho Temple
128th operating temple
Vernal Utah Temple
51st operating temple
Washington D.C. Temple
16th operating temple; closed for renovation; exterior wall grout and stained-glass window repair continues; working on elevators
Winter Quarters Nebraska Temple
104th operating temple
Yigo Guam Temple
Groundbreaking held on May 4, 2019; full-scale construction pending